Patient Activation and Engagement
Priorities/Recommendations: Patient (and Care Giver) Activation and Engagement
ONC Goal IV:Empower Individuals with Health IT to Improve their Health and the Health Care System (Goal IV discusses how the government is empowering individuals with access to their health information.)
Goal: Patient Centered Care, Consumer Engagement, Access to Health Information Technology
Rationale: The Center for Advancing Health defines Patient Engagement as "actions individuals must take to obtain the greatest benefit from the health care services available to them." Patient Activation is the process of educating and enabling patients to take an active role to realize the benefit of patient engagement. Health outcomes are enhanced when patients and their caregivers become active participants in the planning and coordination of the individual’s health care (citation).
In order to support patients to become activated and engaged health care consumers, they require education, information, skills to navigate available resources, as well as the confidence that these efforts will impact their health and ability to impact the health care services available to them. There are a wide range of patient activation and engagement strategies including, but not limited to, patient education programs to improve the understanding of a disease state and its optimal management strategies, services and supports to improve medication usage, programs to help support smoking cessation and other positive lifestyle modifications, as well as clinical information sharing to help improve the provider-patient encounter.
- Review measures of patient activation (e.g. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1361049/) to determine which interventions are most successful and which populations are most amenable to these.
- Describe the elements of effective patient activation and engagement in LTPAC, and how technology, especially information exchange, can enable this process.
- Understand successful engagement strategies for people with limited decision making capacity, impaired cognitive function, language and cultural barriers, and functional impairment.
- Describe the role of health care advocacy and surrogacy while still enforcing patient right to information security and privacy.
- Describe additional elements required to achieve patient engagement, in the LTPAC community, as well as their responsible parties and their care givers and to and understand their health status including their prognosis, and to understand and actively participate in their care and wellness plan intended to realistically optimize their outcomes based on their individual goals.
- Describe barriers to patient-centered, patient-directed, and seamless longitudinal care in the LTPAC and options for how these might be addressed/overcome (describe best practices?)